Economic effects of the double burden of malnutrition
Observations from many countries indicate that multiple forms of malnutrition might coexist in a country, a household, and an individual. In this Series, the double burden of malnutrition (DBM) encompasses undernutrition in the form of stunting, and overweight and obesity. Health effects of the DBM include those associated with both undernutrition, such as impaired childhood development and greater susceptibility to infectious diseases, and overweight, especially in terms of increased risk of added visceral fat and increased risk of non-communicable diseases. These health effects have not been translated into economic costs for individuals and economies in the form of lost wages and productivity, as well as higher medical expenses.
Note: Double Burden of Malnutrition 4 (Series)
- World obesity atlas 2023
- A future for the world’s children? A WHO-UNICEF-Lancet
- Wealthy but unhealthy: overweight and obesity in Asia and the Pacific- trends, costs, and policies for better health
- The cost of the double burden of malnutrition: Social and economic impact
- Budget 2013-2014: speech of P. Chidambaram, Minister of Finance