Gendered perspectives of trees on farms in Nicaragua: considerations for agroforestry, coffee cultivation, and climate change

Due to gender-specific roles and responsibilities, men and women face varying challenges and opportunities to mitigate and adapt to climate change impacts. It is particularly important to take into account the ways that men and women engage with tree resources in order to develop both equitable and effective interventions and strategies, recognizing that agroforestry is an important element of these. For instance, agroforestry is often included among the recommended climate-smart agricultural practices for high value tree crops, like coffee. The paper analyzes household level socioeconomic data collected in 2015 within a Climate-Smart Village of the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) in Tuma La Dalia, Nicaragua, where smallholder shade coffee production is a substantial economic activity.