Designing a zero-emission vehicle sales regulation for two-wheelers in India

This paper explores the pivotal role of zero-emission vehicle (ZEV) sales regulations in enhancing the adoption of electric two-wheelers in India, highlighting the gap between current gasoline vehicle dominance and the ambitious electric vehicle targets set by the government. Despite electric two-wheelers emitting 33%–50% less greenhouse gases than their gasoline counterparts, they held only a 5% market share in the fiscal year 2022–2023, far from the 2030 target of 80%.