Battery electric and plug-in hybrid vehicle uptake in European cities

This paper analyses the electric vehicle (EV) uptake and public charging infrastructure at the local level in 2021, focusing on 48 metropolitan regions with the largest EV registrations volumes and shares in Europe. Electric vehicle sales in Europe increased 66% in 2021 from 2020, reaching 2.3 million. Forty out of 48 metropolitan regions achieved greater EV shares than the European average of 19%. Seven metropolitan regions with more than twice the European average EV share are in Norway, Sweden, and Denmark. Southern and Central European regions had lower EV shares than the European average. Electric vehicle shares doubled in Italian, Polish, and Spanish cities from 2020 to 2021, but these countries’ EV shares remained well below the EU average. Amsterdam (31%), London (22%), Oslo (89%), and Paris (20%) reached higher levels of EV penetration than their national average in 2021.