Mapping environmental risks and socio-economic benefits of planned transport infrastructure: a global picture

This technical report investigates the benefits of planned road and rail transport infrastructure projects for society and the economy, as well as the consequences for biodiversity and ecosystem services. To date, impacts of infrastructure development on ecosystem services have not been widely studied on larger scales. The report provides a consistent assessment across global metrics, producing a foundational perspective on the risks and benefits of near-future road and rail infrastructure.