Look before you leap: an approach for phasing down coal from India's power sector

In light of several global and domestic levers, such as the ongoing energy transition, changing sector economics and policies, and climate change concerns, a phasedown of coal from the power sector is almost inevitable. However, the coal sector not only supplies over 70% of electricity currently, but also shares complex interlinkages with several other sectors and influences aspects of development in coal bearing regions. Therefore, the phasedown of coal needs to be carefully planned to ensure that growing electricity demand is met at least cost while minimising emissions and avoiding long-term undesirable lock-ins.