Major emitting sources from the livestock sector: trends and mitigation opportunities in India

The Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land use (AFOLU) sector comprises of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from agriculture practices, livestock, and changes in forest and land use. GHG emissions from livestock sub-sector includes emissions due to enteric fermentation in herbivores and manure management practices. Between 2012 and 2019, GHG emissions from livestock sub-sector grew at a CAGR of 0.05 per cent. Projections indicate that livestock emissions will be approximately 223.27 million tonnes CO2e by 2030. Various factors such as flock size, weight of animal, diet, manure management practices and topography influence GHG emissions from the sub-sector. This paper studies the emission trends and projections up to 2030 in the livestock sub-sector as well as suggests the best practices which can support mitigation of GHG emissions from the livestock sub-sector.