Status of legal recognition of Indigenous Peoples’, local communities’ and afro-descendant peoples’ rights to carbon stored in tropical lands and forests

This study reviews the status of the legal recognition of the rights of Indigenous Peoples, local communities, and Afro-descendant Peoples to the carbon in their lands and territories across 31 countries in Africa, Asia, and Latin America. Together, these countries hold almost 70% of the world’s tropical forests and the bulk of nature-based emissions reductions and carbon offset opportunities.