Every child's right to survive: An agenda to end pneumonia deaths

The number of deaths among children under the age of five has reduced by half since 1990. Yet over 5 million children are still dying every year from mostly preventable causes. Pneumonia is responsible for nearly 20% of these deaths and is the leading infectious cause of death in this age group. The rate of progress in reducing pneumonia-related mortality has been slower than for other leading causes of child deaths, including for malaria and other vaccine preventable diseases. Efforts to reduce childhood pneumonia must be accelerated to ensure childrens’ right to survive. If the current pace continues, 53 countries will not achieve the SDG3 target to end preventable child deaths.