Supporting decent livelihoods through sustainable service provision: lessons on solid waste management from Kampala, Uganda

This paper offers lessons from Kampala, Uganda, where community-based organisations and small enterprises play an important role in municipal solid waste management, especially in informal settlements. One example from Kampala is the Luchacos cooperative, which uses organic waste to produce biomass briquettes – an energy source for cooking that simultaneously reduces both urban air pollution and deforestation. If the Luchacos model could be scaled up to replace half of all charcoal use in Kampala, almost 12,000 additional people would find employment in the biomass briquette industry. Similarly, the private firm Plastic Recycling Industries (PRI) contracts 120 community-based organisations and small enterprises to collect almost one-fifth of Kampala’s plastic waste.