From Bali to Marrakech: a decade of international climate negotiations

Since 1992, the International Institute for Sustainable Development’s Earth Negotiations Bulletin (ENB) has reported from the front lines of international environmental negotiations. Governments, non-governmental organizations, the media, and academics have relied on the Bulletin as an indispensable record of many negotiating processes over the past 25 years, including, and most notably for this book, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). This book builds on the ENB’s coverage of climate change negotiations during the decade from 2007-2016 and provides an overview of the journey from the meeting of the Conference of the Parties (COP) in Bali, Indonesia, that set the process in motion to negotiate a successor agreement to the 1997 Kyoto Protocol, an inflection point in global climate change governance. Public and political interest rose sharply at this point, and remained high throughout the peaks and valleys of global efforts to address climate change. The culmination of this process was the adoption of the landmark Paris Agreement in 2015, which established a common framework for all countries to reduce global greenhouse gas emissions and promote efforts to boost resilience to the impacts of climate change.