Hanbook: septage treatment and disposal

The principal purpose of the handbook is to present an up-to-date review of available design, performance, operation and maintenance, cost, and energy information pertaining to the receiving, treatment, and disposal of septage. Septage is the liquid and solid material pumped from a septic tank or cesspool when it is cleaned. Recommended procedures for planning and design, along with state-of-the-art information on treatment performance, energy considerations, and health and environmental effects, are presented. Cost information is provided for selected processes in the form of Fact Sheets contained in Chapter 9. The document should serve as a practical guide for planners, design engineers, state and Federal reviewers, and local government officials involved in planning, evaluating, and designing septage handling facilities in response to the increasing demands for such facilities.