An analysis of health and carbon benefits using integrated air pollution modeling for Pune, India

This study under the SIM-air program was initiated with support from the Shakti Sustainable Energy Foundation (New Delhi, India) to better understand the sources of air pollution in the Pune city and to support an integrated dialogue between local pollution management and climate policy in a co-benefits framework. The main objectives of this study were: to establish a baseline emissions inventory for the criteria pollutants PM, SO2, and NOx, and the greenhouse gas (CO2) from the known sources of air pollution; to analyze pollution due to these emissions and associated health impacts, based on dispersion modeling for the selected city domain; to analyze select interventions (from emissions and pollution perspective) for health benefits and GHG emission reductions; and to identify information gaps while building the emission inventories, which could further our understanding of air pollution sources in the city.