Position paper on the power sector in India

India is the fifth largest producer of electricity in the world and according to the Planning Commission, while the State Governments account for 51.5% of the total generation capacity, the central sector and the private sector account for 33.1% and 15.4% of the generation capacity respectively. In line with the respective power generation share, while the government sector (both central and state) have contributed 85.5% of the total capacity addition of 45,295 MW during 1999-00 and 2008-09, the private sector has contributed the balance 14.5%, almost at par with its share in the total installed capacity in the country. Transmission of power is entirely looked after by government utility companies and distribution too barring a few states are in the hands of the government entities.

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