Review of human-elephant conflict mitigation measures practiced in South Asia
The consequences of human-elephant conflict are not only of key conservation concern but also are major socio-economic and political issues. Therefore, resolution of human-elephant conflict is a major concern and a high priority for conservation of elephants in range countries. Influx of humans and conversion of natural habitat to human dominated land-use causes fragmentation and loss of elephant habitat. With increased contact, elephants progressively raid crop fields and break down houses to get at stored crops. Chance encounters between elephants and people, as well as efforts of people to guard against elephant depredation results in injury and death of humans. Harmful methods employed by people in the process result in death and injury of elephants thereby escalating human-elephant conflict.