Coal and gas consumption with economic growth: co-integration and casuality evidences from India

This paper examines 'coal consumption-GDP (gross domestic product)' and 'gas consumption-GDP' causality in India by deploying co-integration and Granger causality techniques. Augmented Dickey-Fuller tests reveal that all series viz. per capita gas consumption, after logarithmic transformation are non-stationery and individually integrated of the order one.