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  • Pneumonia claims 50,000

    Around 50,000 under-five babies die from pneumonia every year in the country while the global figure is 15 lakh. Professor Iqbal Bari, head of pediatrics department of Rajshahi Medical College and

  • Antibiotics given by quacks poses health risks: Study

    A good number of unqualified village doctors practicing allopathy have been prescribing antibiotics for quick recovery from various infections, putting health of rural patients at high risk, an ICDDR, B study reveals. The study, still going on since the last three years, says the village doctors, almost 95 percent of rural healthcare professionals, are treating common cold, fever, pneumonia and

  • India

    Introducing pentavalent vaccine in the EPI in India: A counsel for caution

    The story of how pharmaceutical companies influenced scientists and official agencies like the World Health Organization (WHO) in the recent swine flu scare and the saga of the undeclared conflicts

  • Nepal

    Pneumonia major killer of children

    KATHMANDU, NOV 02 - Every year, 11,000 children under five years of age die of pneumonia, despite the state's claim that its efforts to contain child mortality are paying off. According to the Ministry of Health (MoH), over 58,000 children aged below five years die of various diseases, including pneumonia.

  • Bhutan

    5-in-1 infant protection

    The health ministry has introduced an additional vaccine to protect infants against pneumonia, one of the leading causes of death in children under 15 years in Bhutan, and meningitis.

  • Care at first-level facilities for children with severe pneumonia in Bangladesh

    The Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI) strategy and associated clinical care guidelines were developed in the mid-1990s to reduce mortality from major diseases in children younger than 5 years. Countries have been encouraged to follow a structured process to adapt the IMCI guidelines to their own

  • Pneumonia major killer of children in Bangladesh

    Pneumonia has been claiming the highest number of child lives in the country, despite a remarkable progress in under-five child survival for immunization and oral saline over the last three decades, pediatricians and health scientists said here yesterday. "Pneumonia is still the leading cause of childhood deaths in Bangladesh,' Steve Luby, agency head of Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), US Embassy in Dhaka, told a symposium. Bangladesh Society for Paediatric Infectious Diseases (BSPID), a newly formed body of Paediatricians and health scientists, organised the two-day function at Bangladesh-China Friendship Conference Centre, where experts from home and abroad are participating. BSPID President and former director of Dhaka Shishu Hospital Prof Manzoor Hussain chaired the inaugural function, addressed by National Prof M R Khan, noted paediatrician Prof MQK Talukder, Prof Dr Satish Deopoojari of India, BSPID Secretary General Dr Samir K Saha, and BSPID Executives Dr Reaz Mobarak and Dr Mizanur Rahman. Steve Luby, also head of the programme on infectious disease of International Centre for Diarrhoeal Diseases Research, Bangladesh (ICDDR,B), said one in five children per 1,000 died within five years of their age during 1975, but this number has come down by 75 percent over the last three decades. "There is a 90 percent reduction alone in diarrhoea-specific deaths over last 30 years,' he said referring to the statistics of the latest Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey (BDHS). He said Bangladesh is one of the three to four developing countries heading successfully towards achieving millennium development goals (MDGs). Steve Luby referred to the findings of a three-year community and hospital-based surveillance in urban Dhaka ended in 2007 and said meningitis, pneumonia, severe pneumonia and very severe pneumonia were common causes of child illnesses. He also said streptococcus, and influenza are important paediatric pathogens in Bangladesh. Answering to a question he said the problem of pneumonia necessitates a combined effort from paediatricians, parents and policymakers for further reduction in under-five child mortality and morbidity in the country, where prevalence of pneumonia is around 40 percent among sick children. He also expressed hope that the World Health Organization (WHO) would soon recommend alternative antibiotics of ampicillin and penicillin for such treatments at a low cost. Prof Talukder underscored the need for popularising breastfeeding further among mothers from all walks of life. The children who are not breastfed are four times susceptible to infection than the breastfed children, he pointed out and added that breastfeeding could be one of the best means to prevent child mortality. Prof Manzoor Hussain said the BSPID has been formed to work as a catalyst to groom specialised paediatricians and train general practitioners across the country to treat emerging and reemerging infections among children. The incidence and prevalence of infectious diseases among children are very high, despite successful running of the extended programme for immunization (EPI). "The emerging infection diseases such as nipah virus and HIV/AIDS need specialised persons to deal with,' he said, adding that the DSPID would work as an umbrella organisation to help the doctors who want to develop their career as 'infectious disease paediatricians.' A total of 125 doctors have already joined in BSPID for the purpose, he added. According to Unicef statistics, under-five child mortality mostly results from neonatal mortality, which makes up 55 percent of such deaths in Bangladesh. More than 120,000 neonates die within four weeks of their birth every year and most of these deaths occur at homes, where 90 percent of deliveries take place without proper safety. Malnutrition and lack of health education are seen two other factors killing children.

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