Non-state and subnational climate action in India: an overview of the current landscape, emission reduction potential and implementation

This study aims to obtain enhanced understanding of subnational (e.g. cities and subnational regions) and non-state (e.g. companies) actors’ action on GHG emissions reductions in India. Specifically, present an overview of findings in the recent literature on (i) landscape of non-state and subnational action, (ii) interactions between Indian policy making and non-state and subnational actors, (iii) potential GHG emissions reduction additional to the reductions expected under national policies, and (iv) progress towards their own short-to mid-term targets and long-term goals. This report focuses on India, where non-state and subnational climate mitigation action is still nascent, especially at subnational level, but growing and not sufficiently disclosed and/ or not significantly captured by leading data platforms.