Energy services for local development: integrated and inclusive planning for county governments in Kenya

Access to reliable, affordable, sustainable and safe energy is recognised as an enabler of many development objectives. Yet energy infrastructure is often planned as standalone investment, from a purely economic and technological standpoint and in a top-down way that does not take into account the needs of end users. To realise the full benefits of energy as an enabler of different development objectives across sectors more inclusive and integrated approaches are needed. This working paper presents an innovative technical approach for inclusive and integrated energy planning for local governments by applying the the Energy Delivery Model (EDM) planning approach developed by IIED and CAFOD.