A net-zero world -2050 Japan: insight into essential changes for a sustainable future

This report identifies a range of possibilities. It does so by pointing out domestic and international issues that are the driving forces for social change, and referring to strategies and roadmaps put forward by governments and a range of organisations. This report summarises how these issues bring about social change and affect resource and energy demands. While the future might entail various possibilities, this report describes two distinctive scenarios. These are (1) a lock-in scenario that envisions technological progress in a society in which existing systems and institutions are not changed significantly, and the current situation is maintained, and (2) a transition scenario that envisions technological development and involves a transformation of various social elements.