Study to ascertain the impact of the achievement of Open Defecation Free (ODF) status, on the incidence of environmental contamination in Odisha, Bihar and West Bengal

The purpose of scientific study is to ascertain contamination levels, related to human and animal faecal contamination in Environmental Medium viz. Water, Soil and Food in 4 numbers of villages each in one ODF and one non-ODF district in each of the three states viz. Bihar, Odisha and West Bengal. The overarching aim of study is to assess the effectiveness of sanitation interventions implemented in these villages through various programmes, and to see the effect it has had on the extent of Faecal Contamination in the environment of these villages.