Many Least Developed Countries (LDCs) are working towards strengthening national policy and legislative frameworks to implement climate action and play their part in global ambition. While each country operates within a distinct context, there are overarching constraints and priorities: sharing experiences is invaluable for mutual learning. Yet few opportunities exist for LDCs to compare their knowledge, success stories and challenges around how climate action unfolds at national level. This case study looks at why and how Bhutan is moving towards enacting the Paris Agreement and following a low-carbon, climate-resilient pathway. It draws on learning shared at an Asia-Pacific regional workshop, organised by IIED and Janathakshan in June 2018, which benefited from the experiences of multiple countries. Bhutan’s journey offers transferable lessons that could support climate action across developing countries.