Discussion paper on carbon tax structure for India

Discussion paper on carbon tax structure for India Internationally, carbon pricing instruments have witnessed growing interest as cost effective policy measures for climate mitigation. A carbon tax is considered by many as an efficient climate mitigation instrument since it can influence decision making of businesses and individuals to enable transition towards low-carbon and energy efficient technologies. Furthermore, the introduction of Goods and Services (GST) has opened the window for a discussion on the pricing and taxation of fossil fuels and energy. This discussion paper examines how a carbon tax mechanism can be introduced in India, assess its merits and challenges, and the role that the proposed carbon tax structure can play in helping achieve India’s climate goals.

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