A synthesis of the impact of climate change on agricultural production systems in the East African Community Region

Climate change has large influences on agriculture and thus food security, which remains heavily dependent on rainfall over Eastern Africa Community (EAC). This study sought to explore the spatial effects of climate change on agricultural production in five countries in EAC, namely Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Burundi and Rwanda. The climate change and crop modelling data used included observed climate, climate model output, soil profile, key informant database and maize cultivar specific parameters. This study used dynamical downscaling techniques whereby downscaled climate change models take data from GCMs and interpret them in relation to local climate dynamics.