Addressing cryptosporidium infection among young children in low-income settings: The crucial role of new and existing drugs for reducing morbidity and mortality

Diarrheal disease is the world’s second leading cause of death among young children. It claims more than half a million lives of children under five years old each year, accounting for 9% of global child deaths. It is also a leading cause of morbidity in children, including chronic malnutrition. The original United Nations Millennium Development Goals included a target to reduce the mortality rate among children under five by two-thirds by 2015.

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