Challenges to food security in South Asia

In summary, the challenge of food security is one of the serious problems that the region is currently grappling with. Given the rich biodiversity and agricultural base of the region, there is an ample scope for cooperation within the SAARC countries in this avenue. Collaboration in the domain of agricultural research accompanied by both financial and infrastructural commitments can substantially overhaul the food and agricultural production system in the region. This will also augment the returns for the large number of people who depend on the agricultural sector for their livelihoods; simultaneously also improving the access to food in the rural countryside. On the other hand, cooperation in terms of building a regional foodgrain stock will shield the region from the short-run shocks that originate in the global and regional food markets and also provide the much required improvement and stability in the food security situation in South Asia.

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